The Origin of Cannabidiol
Cannabidiol is a natural compound of cannabis and is commonly referred to as CBD/Hemp. This process began as an unknown molecule and transformed into a breakthrough, credited to nutritional treatments and other components. CBD/Hemp can be found specifically throughout the flowers, stalks and seeds of the cannabis plants. This applies to both the marijuana and hemp plants. Of all the known cannabinoids, more than 85 percent may not have occurred naturally. This is not true of cannabidiol, as significant quantities are found in cannabis, and easily extracted from the cannabis plant itself. Although cannabidiol can be found in both marijuana and hemp varieties from the cannabis family, the difference is in the THC content level.
While the levels of THC in marijuana are specifically grown to be more significant for recreational use, there are only insignificant amounts of THC in hemp. The process used for Cannabidiol oil guarantees the product is 100% THC free. The natural CBD/Hemp located in hemp has been legalized in All 50 States in U.S. while the Cannabidiol oil can be naturally produced by various laboratories.
Cannabidiol processing begins with our farm in Kentucky, where Hemp has been grown since the 1700's due to the fertility and richness of the soil. The cuttings are planted in the springtime, the soil quality is maximized, energy and water inputs are rationalized, and soil rejuvenation is sustained. This is accomplished with applied biological nutrients creating a balance of the environmental controls. The freshness is assured with the virtual elimination of pathogens and mold. The freshly harvested hemp is then dried and vacuumed within three minutes to preserve the nutrients. The packaging meets National compliance and is tested by a third-party laboratory for both quality and safety qualifications.
The quality of Cannabidiol products are assured by a team of house geneticists, scientists, botanists and other partnerships with Kentucky Universities. Scientific advancements increase the efficiency of the growing process of Cannabidiol products.
CO2 Cannabis Extraction
The extraction of C02 (or carbon dioxide) is used for numerous products including in food production. This process has increased in popularity for extracting the cannabis oil found in cannabidiol. This has become the preferred extraction method for large commercial operations in the industries of therapeutic hemp and medical cannabis.
Cannabidiol oil is for the most part processed with solvents such as butane and hexane. However, the CO2 extraction is considered friendlier to the environment, cleaner, safer, less toxic and inexpensive. The results provide a more palatable and consistent finished product.
The process begins when an extractor chamber is filled with hemp material or ground cannabis, known as trim. Pressurized carbon dioxide gas is forced into the extractor chamber at the optimal temperature. This causes a reaction between the cannabis and the super-critical carbon dioxide, and the cannabinoid compounds are dissolved.
The particles of cannabis oil are carried by the supercritical CO2 to a cyclonic separator. The pressure in the separator is lowered, and the cannabis oil and carbon dioxide separated. The carbon dioxide is routed to the CO2 tank as it rises. The waxes, resins and cannabis oil descend into the separator, and captured with a collection vessel. The resulting substance is further processed into numerous products free of solvents including cannabis oil.
The Importance of CO2 Extraction
The most important reason for CO2 cannabis extraction is because the oil produced is clean, pure, safe and of extremely high quality. The process requires almost no post-processing.
Many solvents are toxic, and may require numerous hours, necessary to remove the solvent that becomes trapped within the oil. The most efficient commercial processing requires the CO2 method for these reasons. CO2 is, for the most part, inexpensive, efficient and is classified as a tunable solvent.
When the extraction process can be tuned, the importance becomes critical to the level of quality. This is especially true when the system can separate the constituents while the extraction is in progress. CO2 will also prolong the shelf life of the cannabidiol oil, works as a sanitizing agent, and when the proper environment and system are employed, medical grade oils and foods are yielded. CO2 extraction has been verified to be the safest and cleanest method for extracting plants including cannabis, hops, and a large range of organic crops and nutraceuticals.